Probably the simplest way to describe the weather in Belize is that it is very similar to that in Miami, Florida. With a sub-tropical climate and a great location on the western edge of the Caribbean, Belize enjoys balmy weather and an abundance of sunshine all year long. Belize has an incredibly diverse landscape that includes rainforests, broadleaf forests, jungles, and savannah as well as hundreds of offshore islands.
The Climate of Belize
Belize is located just south of Mexico’s Yucatan Peninsula on the Central American mainland with a long, 200-mile coastline on the Caribbean Sea. Belize also has several hundred offshore islands. The country is located just south of the Tropic of Cancer, which allows Belize to enjoy warm, pleasant weather even when North America is experiencing frost, snow, and ice.
Over half of Belize’s territory is in the form of a protected marine environment, national park, or wildlife sanctuary. Abundant rainfall and plentiful sunshine make the environment in Belize incredibly lush, which is more than 600 species of birds have been recorded in the country. The relatively high humidity is also a balm for visitors who suffer from allergies, skin issues, and sinus and congestion problems.
Seasons in Belize
Unlike the United States or Canada, Belize doesn’t really experience different seasons. Instead of the traditional four seasons of spring, summer, winter, and fall, Belize’s year is roughly divided into two seasons termed the “green” season and the “dry” season.
Running from mid-November to mid-May, the “dry” season is also known as the “high” season because it is the peak period for international visitors wishing to escape the cold, snow, and darkness of winter in North America and Europe. The dry season is also when the temperatures in Belize are a bit cooler, but daytime lows rarely drop below the high 70s Fahrenheit. And, except at the highest elevations in the mountains, it never gets cold enough at night to warrant anything heavier than a light jacket or sweater.
The other season in Belize is called the “green” season or the “low” season because it is when Belize has to compete with other warm-weather tourist destinations. Despite its name, rainfall during the green season isn’t substantially heavier than during the “dry” season. Most of the time, rainfall during the green season falls during the overnight hours or for a brief spell during the hottest part of the afternoon.
Due to Belize’s location, sun protection is essential all year. Visitors with fair skin are strongly recommended to bring protection in the form of sunglasses, hats, and sunscreen.